Diabetes is a condition that affects how the body uses blood sugar (glucose). About 34 million Americans suffer from diabetes, and roughly 7 million of those cases go undiagnosed. There are two types of diabetes: Type 1 and Type 2.
Type 1 diabetes can develop at any age, and a combination of genes and environmental factors are thought to be the cause. Meanwhile, Type 2 diabetes occurs at a later stage in life and generally appears after prediabetes. In Type 2 diabetes, genes and environmental factors play a role, but being overweight can also present an issue. November is Diabetes Awareness Month, and it provides an opportunity to spread more information on this condition:
- 1 in 5 Americans do not know they have diabetes
- Diabetes is the 7th leading cause of death in the US
- Type 2 diabetes accounts for approximately 90% to 95% of all diagnosed cases
- Exercise and weight loss reduces the risk of prediabetes becoming Type 2 diabetes
- 25% of adults over 65 have diabetes
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